Energy Survey


1. Description


The Joint final Energy Consumption, Water and Waste statistics survey requests data on the consumption of various energy commodities such as electricity, natural gas, propane, diesel, wood and steam and their different usages of energy commodities: as fuel, to produce electricity and for non-energy use. It also requests information on the water and waste sectors in terms of production and usage.

 Within National Statistical Centers, the data will be used as an input into the energy balance, water, waste statistics, and eventually in environmental accounts in order to improve the annual Report on Energy and Environment Statistics.


The survey results could be used by National Energy partners to track energy efficiency improvements and by National Environment partners to calculate carbon dioxide emissions. Industry also uses the information to monitor the results of their energy reduction efforts and to measure their contributions to national’s climate change goals.


Country Implementation Plans 

 With the support of GCC-Stat, each country has prepared a Country Implementation Plan for each of the priority projects Energy and Environment Projects. 

The summarized situation concerning the survey tasks was as follow:



Initially it was planned for Q2 and Q3 2017 but official answer send the concerned person was: “Its need the decision of our partners"


Plan for TA mission before the implementation. But the Director confirmed during the regional workshop that Bahrain do not need this survey


(no answer)

However, the work could be done with the collaboration of the National Statistical Center NCSI and Ministry of Industry and Commerce.


Planned in 2017 but the Director ask for updating the business register before the implementation of the survey.


Planned Q2/Q3 2016 as pilot exercise

Saudi Arabia

Planned Q2-Q3 2017



 Two countries started the use and adapt the questionnaire:


  • Qatar has applied the field survey in Q3 2016 for the large industries. The national team intend to enlarge it to medium size industries in 2017.
  • Two Technical assistance missions were organized by GCCSTAT in order to analyze the results.
  • Saudi Arabia adapted the questionnaire to their national situation and started the survey in Q2 2017. Two Technical assistance missions were organized by GCCSTAT to prepare this survey.


 2. Data sources and methodology

 Target population 

 The target population comprises all national industry establishments in the country. Under the ISIC Classification System:

 Energy transformation sector 

  • Public thermal power stations ISIC 35  
  • Refineries ISIC 19
  • Other transformations (LNG) ISIC (05,06,091,0892,0721)

 Industry sector 

  • Iron & steel industry     ISIC 241 and 2431
  • Non-ferrous metal industry     ISIC 242 and 2432
  • Chemical/Petrochemical industry     ISIC 20 (except 2011) and 21
  • Glass, pottery & building mat. Industry     ISIC 23 
  • One-extraction industry     ISIC 07 (except 0721), 08 (except 0892) and 099
  • Food, drink & tobacco industry     ISIC 10, 11 and 12
  • Textile, leather & clothing industry     ISIC 13, 14 and 15
  • Wood and wood products ISIC 16
  • Paper and printing ISIC 17 and 18
  • Construction ISIC 41, 42 and 43
  • Engineering & other metal industry ISIC 25,26,27 and 28 -
  • Transport equipment ISIC 29 and 30
  • Other industries 22, 31 and 32

Sampling Design

 This is a sample survey with design featuring a random stratified sample of enterprises that are classified both geographically and according to the ISIC version 4.0. 

 The sampling unit is the enterprise as defined in the Business Register.

 Sampling units are classified into stratum groups (i.e. groups with the same ISIC codes and same geographic region) based on the characteristics of their enterprises. Each group is divided into strata (i.e. small, medium and large) based on the annual revenue of the enterprise.

 In general, we should be based survey on the national economic survey if it exist. Also for the first experience, we can focus on the large and middle establishments only.


Data sources

  • Data collection for the reference year 2017 correspond to the period: 2016-01-01 to 2016-12-31
  • It is advisable that response to this survey is mandatory.
  • Data are collected directly from survey respondents.


Error detection

The following methods are used to detect errors:

  • The electronic questionnaire should contains edits to help respondents correct for inconsistencies.
  • Outlier detection could compares the energy consumption of establishments with similar revenue/characteristics within the establishment's industry to identify whether the data are reasonable or not.
  • Control of total amount and quantities
  • Control of product balance (production, export, import, consumption, etc.)
  • Control product prices



 Information Collected

 This survey collects information on Production and Consumption of energy, including data from ENERGY (Mining and other hydrocarbon). Electricity, Heat and Steam. Water. Waste


International Standards

 The main reference manuals are the Energy Statistics Manual, 2004 the “International Recommendations for Energy statistics (IRES 2011), the International Recommendations for Water statistics (IRWS) and the Framework for the Development of Environment Statistics (FDES) of the UNSD.


Reporting period

 The survey is to collect actual data relating to the calendar year.

  Units of measurement and  Values

 Energy products are measured in physical units by their mass, volume


As for the values, data should be reported in National Currency.


 Questionnaire Structure

 This questionnaire is divided into four sub-sectors: Energy products,  Electricity (include heat, cooling, steam), Water (and wastewater) and Waste ; Each sub-sector contains the following sections:


  • Production
  • Stock
  • Purchases
  • Transfers
  • Sales
  • Consumption



4.     Definitions

 Energy products

 For all energy products, please refer to the GCCSTAT Guide about List of Energy Products, which is also used for the energy balance and transmission table.


Energy flows : 


Non-fuel use: The use of petroleum products for purposes not related to energy, such as the use of material in bitumen roofs and roads as water resistant.

Total consumption during the year: Refers to all fuel and energy that is delivered to users for energy and non-energy uses.

 Losses : Refer to losses during the transmission, distribution and transport of energy products.

 Imports: Includes all energy products entering the county. Exclude goods in transit and goods temporarily admitted.

 Exports: Includes all energy products leaving the country and re-exports.


Exclude quantities of fuels delivered for use by merchant ships and civil aircraft. Exclude also goods in transit and goods temporarily withdrawn.



Transfers from other establishments

Not purchased inputs (goods) that goes into the production process.



Feed stock (own use)


The products produced by establishment for its own use as raw materials and to support other extraction activities.




Transfers to other establishments

Refers to the products produced by the establishment and transferred to another establishment without selling it.





Sea water: Water withdrawn from sea and used by establishment.


 Surface Water:The volume of water removed by economic units from artificial reservoirs, lakes, rivers, wetlands and snow, ice and glaciers within the territory of reference, per year. Bank filtration is considered an abstraction of surface water.

Fresh Groundwater:Fresh groundwater withdrawn from wells and used by establishment.

Brackish Groundwater:Brackish groundwater withdrawn from wells and used by establishment.

Desalinated Water:The volume of water produced by an economic unit through the process of desalination, within the territory of reference, per year. This includes desalinated sea water and desalinated brackish waters from estuaries, rivers and aquifers.

Treated Wastewater:The amount of water that has been treated chemically, mechanically or biologically for the purpose of reuse.

Sewage:Wastewater has untreated.





Chemical Waste: Waste that has toxic or caustic effect. It can be flammable or explosive materials or materials that cause corrosion. It also can be materials containing heavy metals such as mercury and cadmium. Hazardous chemical waste can be generated as a result of pharmaceutical production or medical imaging films (used or damaged). It might also be generated as result of the production and composition of pesticides, or the solid residues of research laboratories.

Plastic Waste:Waste that basically consists of plastic and it can be generated by any economic activity, such as packaging containers and packaging materials.

Iron Metallic Residues:Waste that basically consists of iron metal and it can be generated by any economic activity, such as cans, metal scrap, and hardware and building materials.

Iron Non-Metallic Residues:Waste that basically consists of non-iron metal and it can be generated by any economic activity.

Paper Residues:Waste that basically consists of paper and it can be generated by any economic activity or from the establishment municipal waste.

Electronic Waste:It refers to discarded computers, office electronic equipment, entertainment electronic devices, mobile phones, television sets and refrigerators. This definition includes used electronics, which are destined for reuse, resale, recycling, or disposal.












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